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Vegetables Watered With Wastewater May Spread Chronic Diseases

Vegetables and plants grown with wastewater are dangerous to health

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African vegetables and plants
Vegetables and plants. Photo Credit: Pexels/Pixabay
Press Release

An international team of researchers from Burkina Faso, Cameroon and Germany found that wastewater used to grow vegetables could spread diseases in Africa. Led by scientists from the University of Birmingham, the researchers found virulent human pathogens in sewer water samples taken from canals in Ouagadougou, the 2.2 million peopled capital of Burkina Faso.

The study was published in the journal Environmental Research.

Access to Clean Water Will Stop the Spread of Bacteria from the Environment to People

Scarcity of natural water makes many urban farmers in Africa to grow vegetables using sewer water –water mixed with waste matter. This causes powerful germs to invade and grow in the plants, causing diarrhea, chronic gastritis and gastroenteritis among other diseases that cause death in low and middle-income countries.

Having found various antibiotic resistance genes in water from the canals, the researchers noted that bacteria and antimicrobial resistance could become commonplace among animals and humans. Using wastewater for urban agriculture, they found, is dangerous for human and animal health.

Professor Laura Piddock, of the University of Birmingham’s Institute of Microbiology and Infection, revealed wastewater must not be used anymore to irrigate vegetable farms. This is to prevent exposure to fecal pathogens and other associated risks. She noted that antibiotic resistant bacteria appear to breed and thrive in African wastewater.

“There is also an urgent need to improve global access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene in low and middle-income countries to help prevent bacterial resistance spreading from the environment to people,” Piddock said.

A UN study reveals that up to 90% of vegetables consumed by city dwellers are grown by about 200 million urban agriculturists globally. Dr. Blaise Bougnon of the University of Yaounde in Cameroon said that about 80% of city vegetable growers rely on untreated sewer water to irrigate plant farms.

Scarcity of Water and Poor Hygiene Cause Thousands to Die Annually From Preventable Diseases

This development has caused an increase in antibiotic multi-resistant bacteria. These bacteria are not treatable with most antibiotics and therapies we have in the market today. Only very rare and expensive drugs can combat these resistant bacteria. And since most people cannot afford these expensive drugs, morbidity and mortality result.

Research proved that humans and animals excrete between 50% and 90% of administered antiobics back into the environment. This causes the excreted drugs to remain in the soil and water for many years where plants and fish could absorb them.

According to the World Health Organization, up to 850,000 people die every year from diarrhea infections in poor countries. This is largely due to insufficent water, poor hygiene and unchecked sanitation.

 

This post was originally published on Health News Office

Leila and her parents migrated to the United States in 1990. She grew up in Brooklyn but eventually attended U of C, Davis where she studied Health Sciences. She has written for several local newspapers but currently contributes to HNO. She juggles this with working as a personal trainer and physical therapist.

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Diseases & Disorders

Consumer and SMB NAS Market 2019 – Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecast 2025

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This report includes market status and forecast of global and major regions, with introduction of vendors, regions, product types and end industries; and this report counts product types and end industries in global and major regions.
The report includes as follows:
The report provides current data, historical overview and future forecast.
The report includes an in-depth analysis of the Global market for Consumer and SMB NAS , covering Global total and major region markets.

Request a sample of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/3869951

The data of 2017-2025 are included. All-inclusive market are given through data on sales, consumption, and prices (Global total and by major regions).
The report provides introduction of leading Global manufacturers.
Consumer and SMB NAS market prospects to 2025 are included (in sales, consumption and price).

Market Segment as follows:
By Company
Apple
Buffalo Technology
Netgear
QNAP
Seagate
HP
Synology
Western Digital
Asustor
Dell
D-Link
Drobo
LeCie (Seagate)
Thecus
Transporter
Zyxel

Make an enquiry of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/enquiry-before-buying/3869951

By Region / Countries
North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc)
Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc)
South America (Brazil, Argentina etc)
Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc)

By Type
Backup
Archiving
Disaster Recovery
Others

By End-User / Application
Individual Consumers and SOHOs
SMB

Browse the complete report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/reports/index/2017-2025-world-consumer-and-smb-nas-market-research-report-by-product-type-end-user-application-and-regions-countries

Table of Contents

1 Market Definition
1.1 Market Segment Overview
1.2 by Type
1.3 by End-Use / Application
2 Global Market by Vendors
2.1 Market Share
2.2 Vendor Profile
2.3 Dynamic of Vendors
3 Global Market by Type
3.1 Market Share
3.2 Introduction of End-Use by Different Products
4 Global Market by End-Use / Application
4.1 Market Share
4.2 Overview of Consumption Characteristics
4.2.1 Preference Driven
4.2.2 Substitutability
4.2.3 Influence by Strategy
4.2.4 Professional Needs
5 Global Market by Regions
5.1 Market Share
5.2 Regional Market Growth
5.2.1 North America
5.2.2 Europe
5.2.3 Asia-Pacific
5.2.4 South America
5.2.5 Middle East & Africa
6 North America Market
6.1 by Type
6.2 by End-Use / Application
6.3 by Regions
7 Europe Market
7.1 by Type
7.2 by End-Use / Application
7.3 by Regions
8 Asia-Pacific Market
8.1 by Type
8.2 by End-Use / Application
8.3 by Regions
9 South America Market
9.1 by Type
9.2 by End-Use / Application
9.3 by Regions
10 Middle East & Africa Market
10.1 by Type
10.2 by End-Use / Application
10.3 by Regions
11 Market Forecast
11.1 Global Market Forecast (2020-2025)
11.2 Market Forecast by Regions (2020-2025)
11.3 Market Forecast by Type (2020-2025)
11.4 Market Forecast by End-Use / Application (2020-2025)
12 Key Manufacturers
12.Oracle Apple
12.1.2 Company Overview

Continued….

About Us:

Orbis Research (orbisresearch.com) is a single point aid for all your market research requirements. We have vast database of reports from the leading publishers and authors across the globe. We specialize in delivering customized reports as per the requirements of our clients. We have complete information about our publishers and hence are sure about the accuracy of the industries and verticals of their specialization. This helps our clients to map their needs and we produce the perfect required market research study for our clients.

Contact Us:

Hector Costello
Senior Manager – Client Engagements
4144N Central Expressway,
Suite 600, Dallas,
Texas – 75204, U.S.A.
Phone No.: +1 (972)-362-8199 ; +91 895 659 5155

This post was originally published on Health News Office

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Diseases & Disorders

Consumer Billing Management Software Market 2019 Analysis By Growth Rate, Key Drivers, Restraints, Future Trends, Opportunities, And Challenges Till 2025

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Press Release

This report includes market status and forecast of global and major regions, with introduction of vendors, regions, product types and end industries; and this report counts product types and end industries in global and major regions.
The report includes as follows:
The report provides current data, historical overview and future forecast.
The report includes an in-depth analysis of the Global market for Consumer Billing Management Software , covering Global total and major region markets.

Request a sample of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/3869952

The data of 2017-2025 are included. All-inclusive market are given through data on sales, consumption, and prices (Global total and by major regions).
The report provides introduction of leading Global manufacturers.
Consumer Billing Management Software market prospects to 2025 are included (in sales, consumption and price).
Market Segment as follows:
By Company
Oracle
Amdocs
EnergyCAP
Harris ERP
Healthpac
Huawei
Mckesson
Athenahealth
Ericsson
Netcracker
Redknee
Gentrack Group
CareCloud
LogiSense
Cerillion Technologies

Make an enquiry of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/enquiry-before-buying/3869952

By Region / Countries
North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc)
Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc)
South America (Brazil, Argentina etc)
Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc)

By Type
Cloud
On-premises

By End-User / Application
Utility
Pharmacy
Telecom
Others

Browse the complete report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/reports/index/2017-2025-world-consumer-billing-management-software-market-research-report-by-product-type-end-user-application-and-regions-countries

Table of Contents

1 Market Definition
1.1 Market Segment Overview
1.2 by Type
1.3 by End-Use / Application
2 Global Market by Vendors
2.1 Market Share
2.2 Vendor Profile
2.3 Dynamic of Vendors
3 Global Market by Type
3.1 Market Share
3.2 Introduction of End-Use by Different Products
4 Global Market by End-Use / Application
4.1 Market Share
4.2 Overview of Consumption Characteristics
4.2.1 Preference Driven
4.2.2 Substitutability
4.2.3 Influence by Strategy
4.2.4 Professional Needs
5 Global Market by Regions
5.1 Market Share
5.2 Regional Market Growth
5.2.1 North America
5.2.2 Europe
5.2.3 Asia-Pacific
5.2.4 South America
5.2.5 Middle East & Africa
6 North America Market
6.1 by Type
6.2 by End-Use / Application
6.3 by Regions
7 Europe Market
7.1 by Type
7.2 by End-Use / Application
7.3 by Regions
8 Asia-Pacific Market
8.1 by Type
8.2 by End-Use / Application
8.3 by Regions
9 South America Market
9.1 by Type
9.2 by End-Use / Application
9.3 by Regions
10 Middle East & Africa Market
10.1 by Type
10.2 by End-Use / Application
10.3 by Regions
11 Market Forecast
11.1 Global Market Forecast (2020-2025)
11.2 Market Forecast by Regions (2020-2025)
11.3 Market Forecast by Type (2020-2025)
11.4 Market Forecast by End-Use / Application (2020-2025)
12 Key Manufacturers
12.Amazon.com Oracle
12.1.2 Company Overview

Continued….

About Us:

Orbis Research (orbisresearch.com) is a single point aid for all your market research requirements. We have vast database of reports from the leading publishers and authors across the globe. We specialize in delivering customized reports as per the requirements of our clients. We have complete information about our publishers and hence are sure about the accuracy of the industries and verticals of their specialization. This helps our clients to map their needs and we produce the perfect required market research study for our clients.

Contact Us:

Hector Costello
Senior Manager – Client Engagements
4144N Central Expressway,
Suite 600, Dallas,
Texas – 75204, U.S.A.
Phone No.: +1 (972)-362-8199 ; +91 895 659 5155

This post was originally published on Health News Office

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Diseases & Disorders

Consumer Book Publishing Market Report 2019 Industry Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Sales Revenue, Business Strategies, Key Countries Analysis by Leading Players with Forecast to 2025

Published

on

Press Release

This report includes market status and forecast of global and major regions, with introduction of vendors, regions, product types and end industries; and this report counts product types and end industries in global and major regions.
The report includes as follows:
The report provides current data, historical overview and future forecast.
The report includes an in-depth analysis of the Global market for Consumer Book Publishing , covering Global total and major region markets.

Request a sample of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/request-sample/3869953

The data of 2017-2025 are included. All-inclusive market are given through data on sales, consumption, and prices (Global total and by major regions).
The report provides introduction of leading Global manufacturers.
Consumer Book Publishing market prospects to 2025 are included (in sales, consumption and price).

Market Segment as follows:
By Company
Amazon.com
China South Publishing & Media
Hachette Book
Holtzbrinck Publishing
Penguin Random House
Phoenix Publishing and Media
Bonnier
Bungeishunju
China Publishing Group
De Agostini Editore
Planeta
HarperCollins Publishers
Informa
Kadokawa Publishing
Kodansha
Sanoma Media
Shogakukan

Make an enquiry of this report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/contacts/enquiry-before-buying/3869953

By Region / Countries
North America (U.S., Canada, Mexico)
Europe (Germany, U.K., France, Italy, Russia, Spain etc)
Asia-Pacific (China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia etc)
South America (Brazil, Argentina etc)
Middle East & Africa (Saudi Arabia, South Africa etc)

By Type
Consumer Print Book Publishing
Consumer Digital Book Publishing

By End-User / Application
Children
Adults

Browse the complete report @ https://www.orbisresearch.com/reports/index/2017-2025-world-consumer-book-publishing-market-research-report-by-product-type-end-user-application-and-regions-countries

Table of Contents

1 Market Definition
1.1 Market Segment Overview
1.2 by Type
1.3 by End-Use / Application
2 Global Market by Vendors
2.1 Market Share
2.2 Vendor Profile
2.3 Dynamic of Vendors
3 Global Market by Type
3.1 Market Share
3.2 Introduction of End-Use by Different Products
4 Global Market by End-Use / Application
4.1 Market Share
4.2 Overview of Consumption Characteristics
4.2.1 Preference Driven
4.2.2 Substitutability
4.2.3 Influence by Strategy
4.2.4 Professional Needs
5 Global Market by Regions
5.1 Market Share
5.2 Regional Market Growth
5.2.1 North America
5.2.2 Europe
5.2.3 Asia-Pacific
5.2.4 South America
5.2.5 Middle East & Africa
6 North America Market
6.1 by Type
6.2 by End-Use / Application
6.3 by Regions
7 Europe Market
7.1 by Type
7.2 by End-Use / Application
7.3 by Regions
8 Asia-Pacific Market
8.1 by Type
8.2 by End-Use / Application
8.3 by Regions
9 South America Market
9.1 by Type
9.2 by End-Use / Application
9.3 by Regions
10 Middle East & Africa Market
10.1 by Type
10.2 by End-Use / Application
10.3 by Regions
11 Market Forecast
11.1 Global Market Forecast (2020-2025)
11.2 Market Forecast by Regions (2020-2025)
11.3 Market Forecast by Type (2020-2025)
11.4 Market Forecast by End-Use / Application (2020-2025)
12 Key Manufacturers
12.DJI Innovations Amazon.com
12.1.2 Company Overv

Continued….

About Us:

Orbis Research (orbisresearch.com) is a single point aid for all your market research requirements. We have vast database of reports from the leading publishers and authors across the globe. We specialize in delivering customized reports as per the requirements of our clients. We have complete information about our publishers and hence are sure about the accuracy of the industries and verticals of their specialization. This helps our clients to map their needs and we produce the perfect required market research study for our clients.

Contact Us:

Hector Costello
Senior Manager – Client Engagements
4144N Central Expressway,
Suite 600, Dallas,
Texas – 75204, U.S.A.
Phone No.: +1 (972)-362-8199 ; +91 895 659 5155

This post was originally published on Health News Office

Continue Reading

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