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Cyclists in London Exposed To High Levels of Black Carbon Emissions on Busy Roads

London and São Paulo cyclists face risk of exposure to black carbon emissions

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black carbon emission risks to London cyclists
London cyclists face risk of exposure to black carbon emissions: Photo Credit: DariuszSankowski/Pixabay
Press Release

Cyclists using busy London roads are found to be exposed to harmful black carbon emissions from vehicles. Cyclists are mostly at risk of inhaling dangerous gases in the evenings when vehicular movement is at its highest. They are therefore advised to use alternative roads to reach their destinations rather than highly trafficked roads where black carbon emissions are highest in the evenings.

This is the conclusion of a study carried out by researchers from the University of Surrey’s Global Centre for Clean Air Research (GCARE), the University of São Paulo (Brazil) and University of Twente (Netherlands). Their finding was published in the Journal of Transport Geography.

Black Carbon Exposure Is Higher On Busy Roads and During the Evening Commute

The Department of Transport stated that a little over three million vehicles are licensed in London. Out of these, 2.7 million are cars. In Greater London, car transportation takes up 35% of all trips and 730,000 cycling trips are made every day. This puts cyclists at the mercy gaseous emissions released by thousands of vehicles along busy roads.

The air pollution study examined the levels of black carbon emissions that cyclists are exposed to on three major routes: the London to Liverpool Street route, Rotterdam to Rotterdam Station, and São Paulo to Paulista Avenue. The result of black carbon exposure on these routes was compared to the same exposure on alternative routes with parks, waterways and natural green facilities.

The researchers were able to conclude cyclists using busy roads in London and São Paulo were at health risks of inhaling higher concentrations of black carbon than those using alternative routes. Levels of black carbon exposure in main and alternative routes in Rotterdam remain the same.

Urban Planners Should Plant Trees, Set Up Natural Parks and Invest In Green Infrastructure

Interestingly, cyclists in São Paulo are twice likely to be exposed to black carbon than those in London and Rotterdam. Meanwhile, London cyclists are exposed to black carbon on main routes in the evening than those who use the same routes in the morning; and they are twice at risk of the emission than those who use alternative routes.

“These findings should be considered when urban planners establish new cycle networks by increasing, as much as possible, the distance between the road and the cycle ways,” said Professor Prashant Kumar, Director of GCARE at the University of Surrey.

Kumar further advised city planners to invest in green infrastructure in major cities since these seem to neutralize the environmental air pollution caused by black carbon vehicles on major roads.

Professor Maria de Fatima of the University of São Paulo said it is necessary to evaluate the impact biofuel-blended diesel-fuelled vehicles have on the peoples and environments of São Paulo, as well as on our planet in general.

This post was originally published on Health News Office

General Health

Orthopedic Reamers Market – Global Size | Trends | Analysis | Outlook 2019-2025

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MarketResearchNest.com adds “Global Orthopedic Reamers Market Professional Survey Report 2019”new report to its research database. The report spread across 113 pages with multiple tables and figures in it.

The global Orthopedic Reamers market was valued at million US$ in 2018 and will reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025.

This report focuses on Orthopedic Reamers volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Orthopedic Reamers market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.

Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of Orthopedic Reamers in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Orthopedic Reamers manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

Request a sample copy at

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The following manufacturers are covered:

  • Arthrex
  • Aygun Surgical Instruments
  • Depuy Synthes
  • Erbrich Instrumente
  • Greatbatch Medical
  • Holtex
  • Ortho Solutions
  • Orthofix
  • Shanghai Bojin Electric Instrument and Device
  • Zimmer Biomet Holdings
  • Smith and Nephew
  • Stryker Corporation

Segment by Regions

North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India

Browse detail report with in-depth TOC at

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Segment by Type

  • Stainless Steels
  • Carbide
  • Others

Segment by Application

  • Hospital
  • Clinic
  • Others

Highlights of the Global Orthopedic Reamers report

  • A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the Orthopedic Reamers market
  • An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
  • Market segmentation up to the second or third level
  • Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
  • Important changes in market dynamics
  • Emerging niche segments and regional markets
  • Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
  • Market shares and strategies of key players
  • Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

Purchase a Report copy at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/report/purchase/761648

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General Health

Bionic Limbs Market by Size | Growth | Analysis | Trends and Forecasts to 2019-2025

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MarketResearchNest.com adds “Global Bionic Limbs Market Professional Survey Report 2019”new report to its research database. The report spread across 113 pages with multiple tables and figures in it.

The global Bionic Limbs market was valued at million US$ in 2018 and will reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025.

This report focuses on Bionic Limbs volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Bionic Limbs market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.

Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of Bionic Limbs in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Bionic Limbs manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

Request a sample copy at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/report/requestsample/761650

The following manufacturers are covered:

  • Abiomed Inc.
  • Activelink
  • Advanced Bionics
  • Alterg
  • Axosuits
  • Bae Systems
  • Bionx Medical Technologies
  • B-Temia
  • Bana Teknoloji
  • Bionik Laboratories
  • Bioservo Technologies
  • Carmat
  • Cleveland Fes Center
  • COAPT
  • Cochlear
  • Cyberdyne

Segment by Regions

North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India

Browse detail report with in-depth TOC at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/Global-Bionic-Limbs-Market-Professional-Survey-Report-2019.html

Segment by Type

  • Bionic Legs
  • Bionic Hands

Segment by Application

  • Hospital
  • Clinic
  • Others

Highlights of the Global Bionic Limbs report

  • A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the Bionic Limbs market
  • An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
  • Market segmentation up to the second or third level
  • Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
  • Important changes in market dynamics
  • Emerging niche segments and regional markets
  • Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
  • Market shares and strategies of key players
  • Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

Purchase a Report copy at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/report/purchase/761650

About Us:

MarketResearchNest.com is the most comprehensive collection of market research products and services on the Web. We offer reports from almost all top publishers and update our collection on daily basis to provide you with instant online access to the world’s most complete and recent database of expert insights on Global industries, organizations, products, and trends.

Contact Us

Mr. Jeet Jain

Sales Manager

[email protected]

+91-888-841-3131(IND) | +1-240-284-8070(U.S) | +44-20-3290-4151(U.K)

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This post was originally published on Health News Office

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General Health

Global Urine Flow Meters Market Status Analysis and Forecast 2019-2025

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MarketResearchNest.com adds “Global Urine Flow Meters Market Professional Survey Report 2019”new report to its research database. The report spread across 113 pages with multiple tables and figures in it.

The global Urine Flow Meters market was valued at million US$ in 2018 and will reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025.

This report focuses on Urine Flow Meters volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Urine Flow Meters market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.

Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of Urine Flow Meters in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Urine Flow Meters manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

Request a sample copy at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/report/requestsample/761647

The following manufacturers are covered:

  • MMS Medical Measurement Systems
  • Schippers-Medizintechnik
  • Tic Medizintechnik
  • MEDICA
  • ServiceItalia
  • Andromeda
  • Aymed
  • CellSonic Medical
  • MCube Technology
  • Mediwatch
  • EMD Medical Technologies
  • LABORIE
  • NOVAmedtek
  • Foresight Technology
  • BestMedical
  • Dantec Medical
  • Medispec

Segment by Regions

North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India

Browse detail report with in-depth TOC at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/Global-Urine-Flow-Meters-Market-Professional-Survey-Report-2019.html

Segment by Type

  • Wireless Connection Type
  • Cable Connection Type

Segment by Application

  • BPH (+ optional cystometry)
  • Prostatitis
  • Bladder diverticulum
  • Enuresis (+ cystometry)
  • Spontaneous urinary incontinence (+ obligatory cystometry)
  • Stress incontinence (+ cystometry)
  • Bladder neuromuscular dysfunction (+ cystometry if necessary)
  • Bladder neck obstruction
  • Post-traumatic urethral stricture
  • Others

Highlights of the Global Urine Flow Meters report

  • A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the Urine Flow Meters market
  • An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market
  • Market segmentation up to the second or third level
  • Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments
  • Important changes in market dynamics
  • Emerging niche segments and regional markets
  • Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume
  • Market shares and strategies of key players
  • Recommendations to companies for strengthening their foothold in the market

Purchase a Report copy at

https://www.marketresearchnest.com/report/purchase/761647

About Us:

MarketResearchNest.com is the most comprehensive collection of market research products and services on the Web. We offer reports from almost all top publishers and update our collection on daily basis to provide you with instant online access to the world’s most complete and recent database of expert insights on Global industries, organizations, products, and trends.

Contact Us

Mr. Jeet Jain

Sales Manager

[email protected]

+91-888-841-3131(IND) | +1-240-284-8070(U.S) | +44-20-3290-4151(U.K)

Connect with us:  Google+ | LinkedIn | Twitter | Facebook

This post was originally published on Health News Office

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